Updated: Nov 23, 2019
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We previously published an article on the evolution of the CDM Regulations since 1994 when the first regulations we're implemented by the Health and Safety Executive. The article touched on the importance of concepts around the design and management elements of construction and the duty holders roles and responsibilities.
CDM 2015 is currently due for a major review which has already begun and which we are participating in the consultation process through our membership of APS. It is likely that the Hackitt report findings and recommendations may have an impact on this review, but time will tell.
We have significant experience of applying the CDM principles to projects and working as part of a larger team to deliver these projects safely. We always revert back to the guiding principles of CDM which are Plan, Manage and Monitor.
Our CDM Advisory services are based on these guiding principles and designed around supporting the main duty holders - Clients, Principal Designers and Principal Contractors.
The client has overall responsibility for the successful management of the project and is supported by the principal designer and principal contractor in different phases of the project.
We work on behalf of the client to ensure the health and safety in two main phases are managed effectively, pre-construction and construction phases.
Project brief - establishing the all project expectations
Vetting - vetting potential Principle Designers (PD) and Principal Contractors (PC)
Consultation - ensuring suitable management arrangements are in place with all parties
Notification - formal notification to the enforcing authority of the project via F10 form
Validation - monitoring and validating the Pre-Construction Information (PCI) has been circulated to the PC
Construction Phase Plan (CPP) - confirm the PC has completed the CPP and is fit for purpose
Welfare facilities - ensure this provision is in place
Site safety - monitor all site activities to ensure the CPP is being adhered to and hazards are being identified and managed effectively
Handover - ensure the Health and Safety File is suitably completed and provided by the PD
We work with clients to ensure these responsibilities are fulfilled and in so doing, delivering projects safely and compliantly.
The Principal Designer role was newly formed in the 2015 regulations and places responsibilities to plan, manage and monitor the pre-construction phase, to co-ordinate health and safety. Their main duties can be summarised as follows:
Assist the client in identifying, obtaining and collating the pre-construction information
Provide pre-construction information to designers, the principal contractor and contractors
Ensure designers comply with their duties and co-operate with each other
Liaise with the principal contractor for the duration of the appointment
Prepare the Health and Safety File
We work with either the nominated architect or designer or the Client to deliver on these legal obligations as a specialist advisor.
The key activity we perform as the principal designer advisor is working within the design team to identify and mitigate risks to health and safety of all stakeholders at pre-construction phase and the development of the design risk register that follows the project through to the Health and Safety File.
The principal contractor is the contractor in overall control of the construction phase on projects with more than one contractor and is responsible for planning, monitoring and co-co-ordinating the construction phase so that health and safety risks are controlled. The Principal Contractor's main duties are as follows:
Planning: preparing a construction phase plan that ensures the work is carried out without risk to health or safety
Managing: implementing the plan, including facilitating co-operation and co-ordination between contractors
Monitoring: reviewing, revising and refining the plan and checking work is being carried out safely and without risks to health
Securing the site: taking steps to prevent unauthorised access to the site by using fencing and other controls
Providing welfare facilities: making sure that suitable facilities are provided throughout the construction phase
Providing site induction: giving workers, visitors and others information about risks and rules that are relevant to the site work and their work
Liaising on design: discussing with the principal designer any design or change to a design.
We focus our support to Principal Contractors with the planning phase in terms of the construction phase plan development and the monitoring of safety performance on site during the construction phase. We review the welfare facilities and site induction records during site inspections also.
Additional support to the Principal Contractors is offered in terms of general health and safety competence in the form of advice, policies and procedures, risk assessment and method statement development, management system validation and training.
Whether you are a developer, client, designer or contractor and need help working through your roles and responsibilities under CDM, contact us for some initial advice and support.